The rule of poker is very ancient. One of its ancestral games-primero (Spain), primiera (Italy), la prime (France) -appears in literature at least as early as 1526. In this game each player had three cards, and the counting combinations of three , a pair, and a flux (flush; three cards of the same suit). In later developments certain cards had special value, equivalent to wild cards in modern poker. By about 1700 the betting and bluffing aspects were produced in the Bragg of England (about one of the four card games Edmund Hoyle wrote) and pochen (its name meaning “to bluff”) in Germany. From the latter the French developed a similar game called Poque, first played in French America in 1803, when the Louisiana Purchase made New Orleans and its environs territories of the United States. During the next 20 years, English-speaking settlers in the Louisiana Territory adopted the game, Anglicized to its name, and established the essential features of the modern game.
The earliest known reference to poker in American literature occurs in The Memoirs (1829) of Joe Cowell, a touring English actor. From his description it is clear that the original American game was played with a pack of cards that included five cards for each player; All the cards were dealt, and the best five-card combination of who the players were on. So played, poker is virtually Judi Poker QQ indistinguishable from an older Persian game called nas, a four-hand game played with a 20-card pack, five cards dealt to each player. This coincidence has led some students to call games a derivative of nas, but this theory has been discredited.
By 1834, the second known reference to the poker, the game has been adapted to the modern 52-card deck. No description of poker is given in any book before the games of 1858, but in the 1860s such books were published, as it is not a new game. The History of the Game Since then, many new features have been added to encourage freer betting: the straight, as an additional valuable hand; The draw, so that players may not stay in the closet stud poker, to increase the number of opportunities betting; And the jackpots, basically applying only one pot to each player antes, create an unusually large pot at the start. Most of the innovations came in the decade 1861-70 and were probably the greatest amount of poker played by soldiers on both sides of the Civil War. Poker was a favorite in the American “Wild West” throughout the 1870s and ’80s, and, contrary to Hollywood movies, the games rarely led to shoot-outs of cheating.
The spread of poker to other countries probably began in 1871, when Colonel Jacob Schenck, the U.S. Minister to Great Britain, explained the game to a group of gentlemen that included members of the British court. Queen Victoria heard about the game and expressed interest, whereupon Schenck wrote and had privately printed (1872) a set of rules to send to her. This is the earliest known work devoted exclusively to poker, although the game has been treated in compendiums. Poker was already adequately identified with the United States so that Schenck described it as “our national game.” However, this may have only been played in all the other card games in the United States. -20 and was undoubtedly greatly influenced by the American Expeditionary Force in World War I.
For nearly 100 years in the United States, poker was considered a gambling game of men-unsuited to polite or mixed gatherings but after the 1920s its popularity extended to both sexes and all levels of society. Surveys conducted by the middle of the 20th century showed poker to be the favorite card game of American men and the third most-favored (after rummy and bridge) of American women, and in Great Britain it was both sexes with a contract bridge.
Following Draw and Stud, a third major structural division of the poker game, Today’s Texas Hold ’em, is one of those varieties of one or more communal cards. Under the 1919 edition of The Earliest of the Year, the Widow of the Wild, whereby a card was placed on the face of the table, each player received his fifth card, and the winner was the player making the best five-card combination from his own hand plus the turn-up. In the 1926 edition this is replaced by Spit in the Ocean.
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